Study on the pathogenesis of canine herpesvirus infection II. Immunohistochemical observation

Canine herpesvirus 감염증의 병리발생에 관한 연구 II. 면역조직화학적 관찰

  • Seo, Il-bok (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lim, Chang-hyeong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 서일복 (서울대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 임창형 (서울대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.07.07
  • Published : 1994.07.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the pathogenesis of canine herpesvirus(CHV) infection in dogs. The 17 puppies, one day old, delivered from CHV seronegative 3 dams were divided into two groups. The 13 puppies were inoculated intranasally with 1ml of CHV-KK inoculum($5{\times}10^{5.6}TCID_{50}/ml$) and 4 puppies were served as control. And then the puppies were sacrificed at 2, 4, 6 and 7 days after the treatment, and sampled nasal mucosa, trigeminal nerve, trigeminal ganglion, bone marrow, eye, brain and other major organs for the immunohistochemical examination. Distribution of CHV antigens was limited in cytoplasms and nuclei of necrotic nasal epthelia at 2 days after infection. At 4 days after infection, CHV antigens were detected in vascular walls and peripheral nerves of nasal lamina propria, reticuloendothelial cells of spleen, interstitium of kidney, leptomeningeal vascular walls and alveolar walls, At 6 and 7 days after infection, CHV antigens were detected in all of the necrotic area. CHV antigens were also detected in vascular endothelial cells of various organs and in blood leukocytes from 4 days after infection. Among the six puppies in which necrotic lesions of central nervous system were observed, CHV antigens were detected in trigeminal ganglion, trigeminal nerve and ventroposteriomedial nucleus of four puppies and in spinal trigeminal nucleus of three puppies. These results indicate that the generalized focal necrosis of all organs including brain and eyes in canine herpesvirus infection were resulted from generalized vasculitis with leukocyte-associated viremia, and also the hemonecrotizing meningoencephalitis was resulted from spreading of CHV via blood and nerve trunk.