Antihepatotoxic effect of Artemisia Iwayomogi methanol extract on acute hepatic injury by carbon tetrachloride in rat

사염화탄소에 의한 랫드의 간손상에 대한 인진호메타놀추출물의 억제효과

  • Kim, Kil-soo (Department of Laboratory Animal Research, Asan Institute for Life Sciences) ;
  • Park, Joon-hyoung (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김길수 (아산생명과학연구소 실험동물연구실) ;
  • 박준형 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1994.06.21
  • Published : 1994.07.30

Abstract

The purpose of present study was to examine pharmacological effect of Artemisia Iwayomogi methanol extract(AIME) on biochemical parameters(activities of AST, ALT, LDH, and ALP, contents of total bilirubin, total protein, albumin and A/G ratio in serum and levels of hepatic microsomal lipid peroxide and glucose-6-phosphatase activities) against hepatic injury by carbon tetrachloride($CCl_4$) in rats. Increased AST, ALT and LDH activities by $CCl_4$ were decreased in AIMS treatment group at 48 or 72 hours. Together, increased ALP activity by $CCl_4$ almost returned toward normal value in AIME treatment group at 72 hours. Serum total bilirubin contents increased to 87, 79 and 31% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ which were decreased to 64, 42 and 26% in AIME treatment group at 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively. Decreased contents of total protein and albumin, and A/G ratio by $CCl_4$ were recovered in AIME treatment group. Hepatic microsomal lipid peroxide levels(nmol malonic dialdehyde/100mg protein) increased to 140, 95 and 78% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ which were decreased to 107, 74 and 65% in AIME treatment group at 24, 48 and 72 hours, separately. Hepatic microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase activities decreased to 60, 50 and 53% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ at 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively, which were increased at 72 hours in AIME treatment group. In conclusion, AIME enhanced the amelioration process from $CCl_4$-induced lipid peroxidation, degeneration of liver cell, and impairment of protein and bilirubin metabolisms.