Effect of Inhibitor on Lipoxygenase Inactivation in Soybean Homogenates

대두 현탁액의 Lipoxygenase의 활성저해 인자들의 영향

  • Published : 1995.02.01

Abstract

The effect of several inhibitors such as ascorbic acid on the lipoxygenase in soybeans known to catalyze reaction resulting in racid off-flavors was examined in the soybean homogenates by the oxygen electrode method. Among 8 compounds added at homogenizing process, 10 mM ascorbic acid inhibited lipoxygenase-1 and lipoxygenase-2/3 activities to 41.7 and 49.8%, respectively. Inactivation of lipoxygenase-2/3 was highly accelerated by homogenization for 15 min at room temperature, so the activity was inhibited 70.8% comparing with the homogenization of 3 min. When soybean homogenates with 10 mM ascorbic acid was stored at $25^{\circ}C$ for 72 hrs, lipoxygenase-2/3 activities lowered to 52.8% whereas L-1 activities lowered to 15.8%. Since it is reported that lipoxygenase-2 is responsible for the off-flavor of soybean products, the inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid among several inhibitors investigated might be useful in soybean processing.

Keywords

soybean;lipoxygenase activity