Effect of combination treatment of vitamin E and insulin in streptozotocin-treated rats and BB rats I. Effect on the oxidative modification of lipid and protein, and enzyme activitis

BB 랫드 및 streptozotocin이 투여된 랫드에서 vitamin E와 insulin 병합 투여 영향 I. 지질과 단백질의 산화성 손상 및 혈청내 효소 활성도에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Soon-tae (Kyungsangbook Do Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Huh, Rhin-sou (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김순태 (경상북도가축위생시험소) ;
  • 허린수 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1995.06.12
  • Published : 1995.10.30

Abstract

The present study, to evaluate the effect of vitamin E on the oxidative stress in STZ-treated rat and BB rat, was investigated the biochemical enzyme activity in the serum, and malondialdehyde and carbonyl group in the RBC membrane, liver and microsomal fraction after vitamin E and/ or insulin treatment. Results obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows; 1. Effect of vitamin E and/or insulin treatment in STZ-treated rat 1) Lipid peroxidation level in RBC membrane, liver and microsomal fraction was significantly decreased in vi. tamin E and/or insulin treatment group, and especially more significantly decreased in vitamin E with insulin treated group. 2) Protein oxidation level in RBC membrane, liver and microsomal fraction was significantly decreased in vitamin E and/or insulin treatment group. And it was especially more significantly decreased in RBC membrane and liver of vitamin E with insulin treated group. 3) In the enzyme activity in the serum, the activity of AST and ALT was not altered in all experimental group. The increased ALP activity in STZ-treated group was significantly decreased in insulin treated group and vitamin E with insulin treated group. 4) Decreased level of albumin and creatinine after STZ treatment was significantly increased in vitamin E and/or insulin treated group. 5) Level of glucose, cholesterol and triacylglycerol in serum: Glucose level was not significantly different in vitamin E treated group compared to STZ control group. But it was significantly different in the insulin treated group and vitamin E with insulin treated group compared to STZ control group. The cholesterol content in the serum was significantly increased in STZ control group compared to normal control group. And except low dose vitamin E treatment group, it was significantly decreased in vitamin E and/or insulin treated group compared to STZ control group. The triacylglycerol content in the serum was significantly decreased in STZ control group and increased in high dose vitamin E treated group and vitamin E with insulin treated group. But it was not significantly different in low dose vitamin E treated group and insulin treated group compared to STZ control group. 2. Effect of vitamin E and/or insulin treatment in BB rat 1) Lipid peroxidation level in liver was decreased by vitamin E with insulin treatment compared to insulin treatment. But it was not different in microsomal fractions. 2) Protein oxidation level in liver and microsomal fraction was decreased by vitamin E with insulin treatment compared to insulin treatment only in microsomal fractions. These results suggest that the combination treatment of vitamin E and insulin could prevent the oxidative change of lipid and protein of the RBC membrane, liver and microsomal fraction in STZ-treated rats and BB rats.