The Effect of Head Posture Change on Initial Occlusal Contact in Temporomandibular Disorder Patient

측두하악 장애환자에서 두부자세 변화가 초기 교합접촉에 미치는 영향

  • Weon-Ho Choi (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Woo-Cheon Kee (Dept. of Oral Medicine, College of Dentistry, Chonnam National University)
  • Published : 1995.06.01


The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effect of change on head posture initial occlusal contacts with measuring the distances between initial occlusal contacts and maximum intercuspal position at different head posture in TMDs patient. For this study, 24 patients from age 13 to 36 were selected, they were examined health history taken, patients who have sign and symptoms of TMDs were examine before the study. For the normal group, 21 adults from age 23 to 25 were selected. They have normal or class I molar relationship, and have no other prosthetic restorations. Difference on distance between initial occlusal contact and maximum intercuspal position with mandibular kinesiograph$(MKG^R)$(K6 diagnostic system, Myo-tronic Inc, USA) in upright, supine, 45$^{\circ}$ extension, 30$^{\circ}$ flexion position of the head were measured. The Frankfort horizontal plane was used as a reference plane. The results were as follows : 1. There were significant differences between initial occlusal contacts of the normal and patient group on upright position and 30$^{\circ}$ flexion of the head(p<0.05, p<0.01) 2. The position of the initial occlusal contacts have a tendency to place anterior and inferior to maximal intercuspal position in upright position and 30( flexion of the head as well as posterior and inferior in supine position and 45$^{\circ}$ extension of the head in the normal and patient groups. 3. There were significant differences among the initial occlusal contacts between uptight and supine position; upright and 45$^{\circ}$ extension of the head(p<0.05); supine position and 30$^{\circ}$ flexion of the head, .and 30(flexion and 45$^{\circ}$ extension of the head in the patient group(p<0.01) The result have shown that after treatment on the supine position, it may be necessary to check occlusal contact on the upright position as well ass flexion of the head. It may need careful adjustment in occlusal condition on upright position of TMDs patient.