The Effects of Ti Film Thicknesses and Si Substrate Orientations on Phase Transition of Tisi$_2$

$TiSi_2$의 상전이에 미치는 박막의 두께 및 기판의 방위의 영향

  • Published : 1995.10.01

Abstract

Ti-sillcides are formed on an atomically clean Si substrate and its phase transition and surface and interface morphologies are examined depending on the Ti-film thicknesses, deposition temperatures and Si substrate orientations. Ti film thicknesses of 400$\AA$ and 200$\AA$ have been deposited at elevated temperatures from 50$0^{\circ}C$ to 90$0^{\circ}C$ with increments of 10$0^{\circ}C$ on Si(100) and Si(111) Ti-silicides are formed and analyzed with using XRD, SEM, and TEM to verify the phase transition and the surface and interface morphologies. The phase transition from C49 to C54 is observed to occur around $650^{\circ}C$ and examined to show some retardation depending on the substrate orientation and film thickness. This retardation of phase transition is explained by the consideration based on the surface and volume free energies. A rough surface of C49 TiSi$_2$is exhibited because of characteristics of nonuniform diffusion across the interface while the smooth surface and island formation of C54 TiSi$_2$is examined.

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