The Effct of SHS Reaction Heat Control on the Microstructure of TiAl

고온 자전 합성시 반응열 제어가 TiAl 미세 조직에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • 문종태 (홍익 대학교 금속·재료 공학과) ;
  • 염종택 (홍익 대학교 금속·재료 공학과) ;
  • 신봉문 (대전 산업대학교 금속 공학과) ;
  • 김용석 (홍익대학교 금속·재료 공학과) ;
  • 이용호 (홍익대학교 금속·재료 공학과)
  • Published : 1995.10.01


TiAi intermetallic compound has been extensively studied for possible high temperature structural applications because of its high specific strength at high temperature, high creep resistance, and good oxidation resistance at elevated temperatures. In addition to its good properties, an economic manufacturing routes should be developed for this material to be used more extensively. One of the promising route in manufacturing TiAl intermetallics is the Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS) method. Thus in this study, an attempt was made to study the mechanism of the SHS process in TiAl synthesis. The composition of the sample was Ti-(45, 50, 53)at% Al and the microstuctures of the products were analyzed using optical microscope and scanning electron microscope. When the phases formed at the main SHS reaction of whicyh combustion temperature is higher than the melting temperature of aluminum were identified as TiAl and Ti$_3$Al ; Ti$_3$Al cores surrounded by TiAl phase. In order to increase the combustion temperature, carbon was added 5 and 10at.%. When the carbon content was 10at.%, the heat of the reaction was large enough to melt the phase formed and that is consistent with the theoretical calculation results of the adiabatic temperature. The combution temperatue, which was measured by a computer data acquisition system, increased with the carbon content. The phases formed from the reaction involving the carbon added were indentified as TiAl and Ti$_2$AlC using XRD. The vickers hardness of the reaction product increased with the carbon content.



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