Evaluation of the degree of maturity of Chinese cabbage blades and midribs pretreated with dilute acetic acid solutions during Kimchi fermentation

초산 전처리 배추김치의 발효중 엽신 및 중륵별 김치숙성도 평가

  • 정대림 (고려대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 이혜준 (신구전문대학 식품영양과) ;
  • 우순자 (고려대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 1995.02.01


Effect of the pretreatment with acetic acid(0.01%, 0.05%, 0.1%) on the fermentation of Chinese cabbage Kimchi, and differences in the degree of maturity between Chinese cabbage blades and midribs were observed. To estimate the degree of maturity, correlation analysis was used with several variables such as pH, titratable acidity, volatile acidity, ascorbic acid content, resazurin test value and pH/acidity ratio. Based on the pH and titratable acidity, the degree of maturity of Chinese cabbage midribs fermented at 10$^{\circ}C$ until the optimum stage of fermentation increased more rapidly than those of the blades. The stage of maturity of Kimchi pretreated with 0.01% acetic acid were slightly prolonged, compared to those pretreated with acetic acid at the higher levels. The pH of Chinese cabbage midribs and blades pretreated with acetic acid was lower than those of control between 2nd and l0th day of fermentation. The volatile acidity of Chinese cabbage midribs and blades increased proportionally with the concentration of acetic acid. The ascorbic acid contents of Chinese cabbage midribs showed higher than those of Chinese cabbage blades. During the fermentation, the higher concentration of acetic acid was used, the less ascorbic acid content was remained. The pH/acidity ratio, volatile acidity, ascorbic acid content and resazurin test value of Chinese cabbage midribs and blades during Kimchi fermentation at 10$^{\circ}C$ showed good correlations with the pH and titratable acidity.