Removal of a Heavy Metal from Wastewater using Membrane Process and Instrumental Analysis

Membrane 공정을 이용한 폐수로부터 중금속의 제거 및 기기분석

  • 박경애 (단국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 이승범 (단국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 김형진 (단국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과) ;
  • 홍인권 (단국대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Published : 1995.08.31


Membrane process has been applied widely to petroleum chemistry, fine chemistry, polymer, electronics, food, bioprocessing, and wastewater treatment process. Membrane process has advantage that there's no phase change through separation, energy consumption is smaller than other separation processes. And equipment investment and operation cost are inxpensive too. We prepared the silicone rubber membrane and then separated the heavy metal ion from wastewater. Silicone rubber membrane was prepared using a superitical fluid process and heavy metal ions were separated from the chromium nitrate, ferric sulfate, cupric sulfate, nickel sulfate aqueous solution. The pressure difference between top and bottom of separation apparatus was preserved by vacuum pump, and the removal amount of heavy metal at each separation step were analyzed by instrumental analysis, AAS. The surface and pore of silicone rubber membrane was investigated using SEM, and the capability of wastewater treatment using a silicone rubber membrane was proposed as calculated removal rate of heavy metal after comparing removal amount of heavy metal to amount of heavy metal in mother solution by AAS analysis.