Pressurization and Initial Extrusion of a Squeezed O-Ring into a Clearance Gap

유체압력(流體壓力)에 의한 Squeezed O-ring의 압착(壓着)과 초기(初期) 압출(押出) Mechanism

  • Kim, Won-Ho (Dept. of Chem. Eng., Pusan National University)
  • 김원호 (부산대학교 공과대학 화학공학과)
  • Published : 1995.08.31


When an O-ring is installed in a high fluid pressure device, a section of the O-ring is extruded into the piston-cylinder clearance gap. Any tendency towards extrusion will induce wear in dynamic applications, leading to premature failure of the seal. In this study, the mechanism of initial extrusion of the O-ring was studied, 1.e., how much amount of the O-ring will be extruded into the clearance gap at a certain pressure. The relationship between extrusion depth and a clearance gap or fluid pressure were studied by finite element analysis (FEA). After that, Salita's experimental data were analyzed. The result is that Initial extrusion depth for an O-ring into a clearance gap was 1.11 times the product of dimensionless pressure difference $(p-p_1)/E$ and clearance gap c. The required pressure $p_1$ for zero extrusion depth was found to decrease logarithmically with increasing clearance gap.