Studies on the Chemical Treatment of Silica for Synthetic Rubber Reinforcement(I) - Silica Treatment by MDI-

합성(合成)고무 보강제(補强劑) Silica의 화학처리(化學處理)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)(I) -Silica의 MDI 처리(處理)-

  • 진제용 (청주대학교 이공대학 화학과) ;
  • 김홍선 (영동전문대학 안경광학과) ;
  • 최세영 (청주대학교 이공대학 화학과)
  • Published : 1995.03.31


The purpose of this study is to investigate the reinforcement of inorganic filler silica, treated by MDI about SBR vulcanizate. The characteristics of vulcanization, physical properties, surface properties and dynamic properties were investigated after mixing those silica with SBR and unmodified silica with SBR. In this experiment only the quantity of silica was variable. In the vulcanization characteristics tested by rheometer, S-series showed the fastest scorch $time(t_{10})$ and optimum cure $time(t_{90})$. And in test or tensile characteristics hardness, tensile strength, 100%, 300% modulus and elongation were all appeared in the order of M>S-series. The characteristic bonding of urea between unmodified silica and MDI could be confirmed in IR spectrum. The shapes of silicas treated chemically were observed by SEM. And the dispersion of the filler in the SBR composite was uniform. In the dynamic characteristics by the RDS, the order of elastic modulus G' values was as follows : M>S-series, and also the order of damping values was as follows : M>S-series.