The relation of structural transition and electrical property by deintercalation of Li-Carbon intercalation compounds (I) : For the formation of Li-GFDICs and Li-PCDICs

리튬-탄소층간화합물의 Deintercalation에 따른 구조변이와 전기적 성질과의 관계(I) : Li-GFDICs와 Li-PCDICs의 생성에 대하여

  • Received : 1995.01.10
  • Published : 1995.06.25

Abstract

We have discussed on the structural transition and its effect on the electrical property of Li-GFDICs and Li-PCDICs occuring during the deintercalation process of Li-Graphite Fiber Intercalation Compounds(Li-GFICs) and Li-Petroleum Cokes Intercalation Compounds(Li-PCDICs) synthesized under pressure and temperature by spontaneous oxidation by air circulation. The analytical results were obtained by X-ray diffraction and electrical specific resistivity measurements. According to X-ray analysis, we have found that the major stage of Li-GFICs was stage 2 and those of Li-PCICs were stage 1 and stage 2, respectively. And from this results of the deintercalation process, we have found that the deintercalation process did not occur any more after 5th week of Li-GFDICs and after 3rd week of Li-PCDICs. According to the results of the electrical specific resistivity measurements, Li-GFDICs showed little variation to 3rd week and rising in the steady curve after 4th week, while Li-PCDICs showed a rising in the steady curve to 3rd week and a declining curve after 3rd week. Therefore from these results, we can consider that graphite fiber and petroleum cokes as a substrate can be also used as an anode material of battery because they have good intercalation-deintercalation reactivity with lithium.

Keywords

X-ray diffraction;Electrical specific resistivity;Intercalation;Deintercalation;Lithium;Stage