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EFFECTS OF DIETARY FULL-FAT SOYBEAN LEVELS ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND FEED UTILIZATION AND PHOSPHORUS EXCRETION OF CARP (Cyprinus carpio)

  • Kim, J.D. (Department of Animal Science, College of Animal Agriculture, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, K.S. (Fish Nutrition Research Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, College of Animal Agriculture, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Song, J.S. (Fish Nutrition Research Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, College of Animal Agriculture, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Woo, Y.B. (Dept. of Fisheries Development, Dong-U Junior College) ;
  • Jeong, K.S. (Dept. of Aquaculture, Yosu National Fisheries University) ;
  • Won, T.H. (Korea Special Feed Mill Co.)
  • Received : 1994.09.13
  • Accepted : 1995.06.10
  • Published : 1995.12.01

Abstract

In order to estimate the nutritive value of roasted full-fat soybean (FFS) in carp diet, growth performance and excretion of protein and phosphorus were examined using carps having mean body weight of 111 g. Growth trial was conducted for 4 weeks using the fishes fed 5 diets (Control, $F_{24}S_{13}$, $F_{16}S_{27}$, $F_8S_{40}$ and $F_0S_{56}$) containing 32%, 24%, 16%, 8% and 0% of fish meal (F) and 0%, 13%, 27%, 40% and 56% of full-fat soybean, respectively. A total of 800 fishes were allotted randomly by groups of 40 to 5 treatments with 4 replicates per treatment. Fishes were fed to station eight times daily. Feeding trial was conducted for 4 weeks. As dietary FFS increased from 0% to 56%, weight gain of fish decreased from 91 g to 39 g and feed conversion ratio increased from 1.06 to 1.95. Protein efficiency ratio (PER) was highest (2.35) in control group which had the highest protein intake, while PER significantly decreased with decrease in protein intake as dietary FFS level increased. Although dietary protein and energy levels were maintained constant, protein excretion per kg weight gain varied from 273 g to 579 g for the groups control and $F_0S_{56}$, respectively. However, the value for control group was not significantly different to those for the groups $F_{24}S_{13}$ and $F_{16}S_{27}$. On the other hand, the highest protein retention efficiency was found in group fed the diet $F_{24}S_{13}$. Fish fed the diet $F_8S_{40}$ excreted the lowest phosphorus (P) based on kg weight gain showing the highest P retention efficiency of 62%. P excretion per kg feed intake was in the range of 5 g to 10 g for the groups $F_8S_{40}$ and $F_{24}S_{13}$, respectively. The present results indicated that as dietary FFS level increased, growth performance and feed utilization decreased while excretion of protein and phosphorus increased. Therefore, it was concluded that more than 25% substitution by FFS for fish meal could exert negative effects on growth and feed utilization of carp.

Keywords

Full-fat soybean;Fish meal;Carp;Growth;PER;Phosphorus excretion

Acknowledgement

Supported by : American Soybean Association

Cited by

  1. Partial replacement of fishmeal by soybean meal in diets for juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum) vol.11, pp.3, 2005, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2005.00335.x