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CLINICO-HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL ALTERATIONS IN ETHYLENE GLYCOL INDUCED ACUTE NEPHROTOXICITY IN COW CALVES

  • Singh, D.P. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences, G. B. Pant Univ. of Agriculture and Technology) ;
  • Kumar, M. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences, G. B. Pant Univ. of Agriculture and Technology) ;
  • Sharma, S.P. (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences, G. B. Pant Univ. of Agriculture and Technology)
  • Received : 1993.12.30
  • Accepted : 1994.08.23
  • Published : 1995.02.01

Abstract

Ethylene glycol was given orally in 6 crossbred male cow calves @ 12 ml/kg b wt for 2 days continuously to develop acute nephrotoxicity and monitor blood chemicals profile in affected calves. Progressive depression, hypersalivation, ataxia, incoordination, staggering gait, grinding of teeth, recumbency, coma, convulsions and death were prominent symptoms in affected calves. Respiration and pulse rates were increased whereas body temperature and rumen movements were low. Haematological investigations revealed increase in total erythrocyte count, platelets count and packed cell volume till death and total leukocyte count up to day 3 which decreased on day 4 and 5. These calves revealed azotaemia, reduction in calcium, chloride and potassium and rise in sodium and AST, ALT and alkaline phosphatase enzymes activity.

Keywords

Ethylene Glycol Toxicity;Haematology;Biochemistry;Nephrotoxicity;Cow Calves