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CHARACTERISTICS OF STREPTOCOCCI AND ENTEROCOCCI ISOLATED FROM RUMEN OF MOUFLONS AND EUROPEAN BISONS

  • Laukova, A. (Institute of Animal Physiology, Slovak Academy of Sciences)
  • Received : 1993.10.04
  • Accepted : 1994.09.26
  • Published : 1995.02.01

Abstract

Streptococci and enterococci, isolates from the rumen content of mouflons and European bisons were isolated. The total counts of these species reached the values(log 10 ${\pm}$ S.E.M.) $7.3{\pm}0.21$; $6.1{\pm}0.06$ bacteria per one ml of the rumen content in streptococci and $3.6{\pm}0.20$; $3.17{\pm}0.18$ bacteria per one ml of the rumen content in enterococci, Strains isolated were allotted to te species Streptococcus bovis(AM1, AM2, AM3, AM4), Enterococcus faecium(EH1, EFG2, EC3) and Enterococcus faecalis (EFA1, EFD2). Bactera presented belong to the strains with low urease and ${\alpha}$-amylase activities. The majority of isolates were polyresistant. Each strain produced bacteriocin - like substance with effect against at least of one of relatives species as indicators used. The most of inhibition zones were hazy with the width 2-6 mm in diameter.

Keywords

Mouflons;European Bisons;Streptococci;Enterococci;Rumen;Amylase;Urease;Resistance;Bacteriocin

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