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UTILIZATION OF FULL FAT SOYBEAN IN POULTRY DIETS II. BROILER

  • Cheva-Isarakul, B. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University) ;
  • Tangtaweewipat, S. (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University)
  • Received : 1994.03.16
  • Accepted : 1994.10.04
  • Published : 1995.02.01

Abstract

The efficient use as a protein source for poultry of full fat soybean (FFSB) treated under various processes, i. e. steaming under pressure 40 lbs/sq. inch for 5, 10 or 15 minutes or roasting in a baking oven at $180^{\circ}C$ for 20, 30 or 40 minutes or extruding was compared with that of soybean meal. Eight hundred straight run broiler chicks (AA 707) were randomly allotted into 8 treatments of 4 replicates, fed with, rations containing either kind of the above mentioned FFSB for 6 weeks (Wks 1-7). The protein content of the diets for chicks during 1-3, 3-6 and 6-7 weeks of age was 21, 19 and 17% respectively. The result revealed that steaming can destroy 76-92% of the trypsin inhibitor activity (TlA) in soybean, particularly that at 15 minutes, while roasting can get rid of only 13-28% TlA. Chicks fed roasted FFSB had an enlarged pancreas and showed inferior performances to the steaming and the extrusion products. Steaming should be at least 10-15 minutes in order to obtain the comparable performances to those of the extrusion or of the soybean meal. The extruded FFSB showed the best feed conversion ratio. This might be due to the very fine particle of the product.

Keywords

Soybean Seed;Full Fat Soybean;Trypsin Inhibitor;Broiler;Organ Weight

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chiang Mai University

Cited by

  1. Short communication. Effect of soybean meal heat procedures on growth performance of broiler chickens vol.12, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5424/sjar/2014121-4714