Studies on the culture of bovine embryos using synthetic oviduct fluid(SOF)

Synthetic oviduct fluid(SOF)를 이용한 소 수정란의 배양에 관한 연구

  • Roh, Sang-ho (Department of Theriogenology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Hwang, Woo-suk (Department of Theriogenology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jo, Choong-ho (Department of Theriogenology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 노상호 (서울대학교 수의과대학 산과학교실) ;
  • 황우석 (서울대학교 수의과대학 산과학교실) ;
  • 조충호 (서울대학교 수의과대학 산과학교실)
  • Received : 1994.11.22
  • Published : 1995.01.31

Abstract

The present study carried out to determine the developmental capacity of bovine oocytes matured in epidermal growth factor(EGF)-containing medium, the developmental competence of bovine embryos using synthetic oviduct fluid(SOF) and the effect of glucose on the development of bovine embryos. In experiment 1, oocytes, obtained from abattoir ovaries, were matured in EGF-containing medium for 24 hours, followed by exposure to Korean native cattle spermatozoa for 18 hours and cultured by utilizing co-culture system with bovine oviduct epithelial cells(BOEC) in TCM199. In experiment 2, early bovine embryos were cultured in SOF with or without BOEC and compared with those in TCM199 with BOEC. In experiment 3, bovine embryos were cultured in the presence or absence of glucose. Seven and ten days after in vitro fertilization, developmental competence of embryos were evaluated. The rate of cleavage was significantly(P<0.05) higher in EGF-containing maturation medium(70.0%) than in control(57.7%). The rates of development to morulae and blastocysts were 30.6% and 23.3% there was no significant difference between them. The rates of in vitro fertilized embryos to morulae and blastocysts cultured in SOF with BOEC(30.4%) and in TCM199 with BOEC(38.0%) were significantly(P<0.01) higher than cultured in SOF without BOEC(13.4%) at seven days after in vitro fertilization. The rates of embryos to blastocysts cultured in SOF with BOEC(29.4%) and in TCM199 with BOEC(35.9%) were significantly(P<0.05) higher than cultured in SOF without BOEC(13.4%) at ten days after in vitro fertilization. The rates of early embryos to morulae and blastocysts cultured in the presence or absence of glucose were 12.2% and 17.5% each other, there was no significant difference between them. The results show that bovine oocytes matured in the presence of EGF can cleave better, SOF with BOEC can replace serum containing complex media, TCM199 with BOEC in bovine embryo culture and glucose have little effect on the culture of early bovine embryos.