Tear formation, the patency and the angle of bend of nasolacrimal duct in poodle dogs with tear staining syndrome

Tesr staining syndrome이 있는 poodle에서 눈물생산, 비루관 개통성 및 굴곡도

  • Seo, Kang-moon (Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Nam, Tchi-chou (Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • 서강문 (서울대학교 수의과대학 외과학교실) ;
  • 남치주 (서울대학교 수의과대학 외과학교실)
  • Received : 1995.01.18
  • Published : 1995.04.30

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the characteristics of tear staining syndrome in poodle dogs. Schirmer tear test, fluorescein dye test and measurement of the angle of bend between vertical and horizontal bony nasolacrimal duct were conducted in both poodles and German shepherd dogs. There were no significant differences between normal and tear-stained poodles in tear formation determined by Schimer tear test. However, there was significantly higher tear production in German shepherds than that in normal poodles(p<0.05). In the fluorescein dye test for the measurement of tear excretion, the dye was observed within $14.5{\pm}6.5$ minutes after dropping of the dye in normal poodles, but was not observed even over 30 minutes in tear-stained poodles. German shepherds had rather rapid passage time($0.4{\pm}0.3$ minutes) than poodles in the dye excretion. In the measurement of the angle of bend between vertical and horizontal bony nasolacrimal duct through dacryocystorhinography, there were no significant differences between normal tear-stained poodles with showing $85.0{\pm}6.8^{\circ}$ and $89.8{\pm}6.5^{\circ}$, respectively. However, obtuse angle of bend($106.8{\pm}4.7^{\circ}$) was shown in German shepherds. These results have ascertained that tear staining syndrome of poodle dogs was not related to tear production but to the rate of tear excretion.