Nitric oxide(NO) mediating non-adrenergic non-cholinergic(NANC) relaxation in the boar retractor penis muscle I. Mediators of nonadrenergic, noncholinergic relaxation of porcine retractor penis muscle : nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

Nitric oxide에 의한 수퇘지 음경후인근의 비아드레날린 비콜린 동작성 이완 I. 돼지 음경후인근의 비아드레날린 비콜린성 이완을 매개하는 신경전달물질 : nitric oxide와 vasoactive intestinal polypeptide

  • Mun, Kyu-whan (Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Jeum-yong (Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae-wan (Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kang, Tong-mook (Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University) ;
  • Yang, Il-suk (Department of Physiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 1995.03.13
  • Published : 1995.07.31

Abstract

This study was carried out to characterize nonadrenergic, noncholinergic(NANC) relaxation of porcine retractor penis(PRP) muscle induced by electrical field stimulation(EFS) and to investigate the actions of niric oxide(NO) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide(VIP) as candidates for NANC neurotransmitters. Biphasic relaxations of PRP muscle were induced by EFS to NANC nerve. Rapid-phase relaxation was observed at low frequency(0.5-16Hz) and slow-phase relaxation followed during high frequency(8-60Hz). Both relaxations were frequency-dependent and TTX($1{\times}10^{-6}M$)-sensitive. L-NAME($2{\times}10^{-5}M$) inhibited the rapid-phase relaxation, but not the slow-phase relaxation. The inhibition of the rapid-phase relaxation with L-NAME was reversed by L-arginine ($1{\times}10^{-3}M$) but not by D-arginine($1{\times}10^{-3}M$). Methylene blue($4{\times}10^{-5}M$) reduced the rapid-phase relaxation. Exogenous No(ExoNO, $1{\times}10^{-5}-1{\times}10^{-4}M$) induced dose-dependent relaxations of PRP muscle. Oxyhemoglobin($5{\times}1^{-5}M$) blocked the relaxation induced by ExoNO and inhibited EFS-induced relaxation. Hydroquinone($1{\times}10^{-4}M$) also abolished the relaxation induced by ExoNO, but did not affect EFS-induced relaxation. L-NAME resistant slow-phase relaxation to EFS was inhibited by ${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin(2.5 U/ml). Both methylene blue($4{\times}10^{-5}M$) and Nethylmaleimide($1{\times}10^{-4}M$) reduced the slow-phase relaxation by EFS. [4-Cl-D-$Phe^6$, $Leu^{17}$]-VIP($3{\times}10^{-6}M$) inhibited the slow-phase relaxation by EFS. External applications of VIP ($1{\times}10^{-7}M$) caused relaxations that were simillar to the L-NAME resistant slow-phase relaxations induced by EFS, and relaxant effects of exogenous VIP were blocked by ${\alpha}$-chymotrypsin(2.5 U/ml).

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단