Isolation and characterization of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus from chickens

닭으로부터 Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus의 분리(分離) 및 그 특성(特性)

  • Choi, Il-young (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Cheong-kyu (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungbuk National University)
  • 최일영 (경북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 박청규 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1995.03.31
  • Published : 1995.07.31

Abstract

Isolation of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp. hyicus from the skin of healthy chickens was performed and biochemical characteristics of the isolates were examined. Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus was isolated from 129(14.8%) of 874 healthy chickens. The rate of isolation of this organism from chickens was found to vary depending upon the poultry farms at the isolation rate of 0% to 38.7% and this organism was isolated more frequently from adult chickens of over 1 year old than young chickens. All of the isolates were negative for haemolysis on rabbit, sheep, pig and chicken blood agars, protein A and ${\beta}$-glucuronidase, but positive for coagulase using pig plasma, heat-stable DNase, phosphatase and Tween 80 hydrolysis. Hyaluronidase was positive in 97.7% of isolates, but their reaction was weaker than that of swine strains of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus. The isolates were biotyped on the basis of the reactions for protease, urease, nitrate, galactose, trehalose and lactose, and 11 biotypes were found among the 129 isolates of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus.