Pathological studies on exudative epidermitis in experimentally infected pigs II. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy on the skin

실험적 돼지 삼출성 표피염에 관한 병리학적 연구 II. 피부의 면역조직화학적 및 전자현미경적 관찰

  • Oh, Kyu-shil (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Cha-soo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 오규실 (경북대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 이차수 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1995.03.02
  • Published : 1995.07.31


To elucidate pathologic change of skin in porcine exudative epidermitis, immunohistochemical and electron microscopical observations were carried out in the skin of the suckling pigs inoculated with Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus which were isolated from natural case. In immunohistochemistry, ATPase-positive dendritic cells were more populated in epidermo-dermal junctional areas and perivascular area in dermis than in epidermal area as the disease was proceeded. These dendritic cells were identified as Langerhans cell by immunoperoxidase staining and these cells were populated granulomatous bodies. Electron microscopical study showed various retrogressive degeneration and vacuolation of epidermal cell organelles with retention of amorphorous exudates in intercellular space, and cellular seperation. Langerhans cells present in intercellular space of epidermis were populated in epidermo-dermal junctional areas, in dermis, and around granulomatous bodies. Langerhans cells contained decreased Birbeck granules in number but increased lysosome and ribosome. These cells were in contact with lymphocytes. This study was discussed relation between the various immunocytes and the formation of granulomatous bodies, and this inflammation was considered as delayed type hypersensitivity.