Cryopreservation of rabbit embryos by vitrification

Vitrification 방법에 의한 토끼수정란의 동결에 관한 연구

  • Choe, Sang-yong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Young-rak (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Rho, Gyu-jin (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyo-jong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Park, Choong-saeng (College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University)
  • Received : 1995.05.08
  • Published : 1995.07.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of developmental stage and equilibration time on survival of rabbit embryos following freezing by vitrification. Adult New Zealand White female rabbits were superovulated with PMSG and hCG. The 8-cell stage embryos were collected from 40 to 45 hours after hCG injection by flushing oviducts with Dulbecco's phosphated buffered saline and in vitro cultured in TCM-199 containing 10% fetal calf serum(FCS). Each embryos developed in vitro to 16-cell, compact morula and blastocyst was cryopreserved and cultured following thawing to examine their developmental potential to expanded blastocyst stage in vitro. The frozen-thawed-cultured embryos were stained with Hoechst 33342, and their nuclei were counted using a fluorescence microscope. On the toxicity test of EFS solution as cryopreservation, the survival rates of 8-cell stage embryos was decreased in reverse to increasing of exposure time over 5 minutes. The post-thaw survival rates of embryos on equilibration times was significantly(P<0.05) higher for 2 min. than for 5 or 10 minutes. From morula to blastocyst of rabbit embryos was more suitable than 8-cell stage for cryopreservation by vitrification. The higher post-thaw survival rate of embryos can be achieved by keeping the cryoprotectant at $4^{\circ}C$ than at $20^{\circ}C$. The mean number of nuclei per embryo following freezing by vitrification and in vitro culture to expanded blastocyst at compacted morula and blastcyst was not significantly differ from fresh blastocyst.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단