GIS Application in Environmental Impact Assessment : Suitability Analysis and Odor Impact Assessment of Landfill Site

환경영향평가에서 GIS 활용에 관한 연구 : 폐기물매립지 적지분석과 악취영향평가

  • Kim, Myung-Jin (EIA Div., Environmental Health Research Dept., NIER) ;
  • Han, Eui-Jung (EIA Div., Environmental Health Research Dept., NIER) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Woon (EIA Div., Environmental Health Research Dept., NIER) ;
  • Jeong, Dong-Hwan (EIA Div., Environmental Health Research Dept., NIER) ;
  • Seo, Chang-Wan (EIA Div., Environmental Health Research Dept., NIER)
  • 김명진 (국립환경연구원 환경보건연구부 영향평가과) ;
  • 한의정 (국립환경연구원 환경보건연구부 영향평가과) ;
  • 이재운 (국립환경연구원 환경보건연구부 영향평가과) ;
  • 정동환 (국립환경연구원 환경보건연구부 영향평가과) ;
  • 서창완 (국립환경연구원 환경보건연구부 영향평가과)
  • Published : 1995.06.10

Abstract

Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA) in Korea has developed as a tool for environmental conservation and decision making since Environmental Impact Statement(EIS) preparation in 1981. For effective implementation of it, we do system development and method enhancement continuously. The recently introduced GIS (Geographic Information System) can integrate geographic and attribute data, which will be applied to scoping, assessment, and alternative assessment, etc. in EIA. This study has three major components. First, it explains building of EIA factors of natural environment, living environment, and socio-economic environment of the study area defined in EIS preparation regulation. Second, the study presents applications of assessment method concerning suitability analysis of landfill site using GIS. Finally, it shows integration of GIS and odor impact assessment. Based on these analysis, the study makes some recommendations and conclusions.