Changes in the Physico-Chemical Properties of the Meals from the Defatted Sesame Seeds at Various Roasting Temperature and Time

볶음온도와 시간을 달리하여 얻은 참깨박의 이화학적인 특성의 변화

  • Published : 1996.04.30

Abstract

Changes in physicochemical properties of the defatted sesame meals at various roasting temperature and time have been studied. The roasting temperatures were $190^{\circ}C,\;210^{\circ}C,\;and\;230^{\circ}C,$ whereas roasting times were 5, 10, 20 and 30 minutes, The protein content of defatted sesame meals decreased during roasting and the oil content of the meals roasted at$210^{\circ}C$ for 10 minutes was 8.4%. The yields of sesame mea]s and oil, when roasted at $210^{\circ}C$ for 10 minutes, were 50.1% and 46.9%, respectively. The amino acids in sesame meals gradually decreased as roasting conditions became severe. Sucrose (162.6 mg%), glucose (37.7 mg%) and fructose (18.7 mg%) were detected in the raw sesame meals. The color of roasted sesame seeds and oils extracted from them became darker as the roasting temperature and time increased and the change in lightness greatly affected the total color change. The browning pigment of the sesame meal roasted at $190^{\circ}C$ was separated into a fraction I, II and III. When roasted at $230^{\circ}C$ for longer than 10 minutes, the soluble browning pigment decreased.

Keywords

sesame seed;sugars;amino acids;browning pigments