Retrogradation of Sucrose Fatty Acid Ester and Soybean Oil Added Rice Flour Gels

슈크로오스 지방산 에스테르와 대두유 첨가 쌀가루겔의 노화

  • Published : 1996.04.30

Abstract

The degrees of retrogradation (DR) for 50% rice flour gels kept at $4^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$ for the 6-day storage period at 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0% (w/w, on dry weight basis) levels of lipid additives (sucrose fatty acid ester, SE1670; soybean oil) were measured by ${\alpha}$-amylase-iodine method, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffractometry. The DRs were higher in rice flour gels stored at $4^{\circ}C$ than those stored at $20^{\circ}C$. The sucrose fatty acid ester and soybean oil reduced the retrogradation of rice flour gels, but the effect was higher in samples stored for 1 day. The DR decreased more effectively in the addition of SE1670 than that of soybean oil In case of SE1670, the change of enthalpy by DSC showed similar patterns with the degree of retrogradation by ${\alpha}$-amylase method; however, it was not the case for soybean oil. The intensity of peak at $2{\theta}=16.7^{\circ}$ in X-ray diffraction pattern was reduced with lipid additives but it was not clear.

Keywords

rice flour gel;retrogradation;sucrose fatty acid ester;soybean oil