- Volume 28 Issue 2
Flavor components in mash of Takju prepared by different raw materials such as nonglutinous rice, glutinous rice, barley and wheat flour were detected by GC and GC-MS method using non-polar column. Seven alcohols, 15 esters, 10 organic acids, 1 aldehyde, 4 benzenes, 3 phenols, 8 alkans, 2 ketones and 5 others were found in takju after 16 day of fermentation. takju by wheat flour had the most various components of volatile flavor. Treatment with addition starter had less flavor component than that without addition starter in takju by nonglutinous rice. Nine kinds of flavor components including acetic acid ethyl ester, 3- methyl-1-butanol, acetic acid, ethyl benzene, acetic acid 3-methyl butyl ester, 2-phenylethanol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methyl phenol. plumbagic acid and 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid dibutyl ester were commonly detected in all the treatments. Especially, 2,4,0-trimethyl-1,3-benzenediamine was isolated in takju that was made of nonglutinous rice without addition starter. Diethyl sulfide, 4-methoxy benzaldehyde, docosane and 2-methyl propyl octadecanoic acid were isolated from takju by nonglutinous rice with addition starter. Propionic acid ethyl ester, acetic acid butyl ester, 2-methyl butane and 3-methyl pentane were isolated from takju glutinous rice. 2-Hydroxy-4-methyl pentanoic acid and 2-methyl tridecane were isolated from akju by barley 3-(Methylthio)-1-propanol. hexanoic acid ethyl ester, butanoic acid monomethyl ester, tridecanoic acid, ethyl tetramethyl cyclopentadiene and 1,5-diaza-2,9-diketocyclotetradecane were isolated from takju by wheat flour. Major volatile flavor components were acetic acid ethyl ester, 3-methyl-1-butanol, acetic acid and 2-phenylethanol.