Characteristics and Application of Soybean Hull Fractions Obtained by Microparticulation/Air-Classification

초미세분쇄/공기분급을 이용한 대두피 분획물의 특성과 응용

  • Published : 1996.06.30

Abstract

Soybean hull was microparticulated at cut-off wheel speed of 9,000 rpm and air-classified into fine and coarse fraction at air classifying wheel speeds (ACWS) of 10.000, 15,000 and 20,000 rpm. respectively. Proximate analysis of the coarse and fine fractions of the microparticulated/air-classified soybean hull showed that ash, protein and lipid were enriched in the coarse fractions and carbohydrates in the fine fraction. Dietary fiber were enriched in coarse fractions and dietary fiber and dietary fiber content increased with decreasing ACWS. Mean particle size of fine fractions ranged from $3.1{\mu}m\;to\;5.5{\mu}m$ that of coarse fractions ranged from $9.9{\mu}m\;to\;20.0{\mu}m$ and both increased with decreasing ACWS. The particles were mostly oval-shaped regardless of the fractions. Generally the fraction of low ACWS showed higher viscosity. In water holding capacity, oil absorption and emulsion capacity, there was significant difference between coarse and fine fractions while there was no significant difference as a function of different ACWS. Oil absorption of flying batter was decreased significantly in the fraction of ACWS 15,000. when cakes and cooking were prepared partially substituted with soybean hull fraction, there was no significant changes on their physical and sensory properties up to 10% substitution.

Keywords

Microparticulation/air-classification;soybean hull