Influence of Crosslinking on Gelatinization Behavior and Morphological Change of Potato Starch

가교결합 감자 전분의 호화특성과 형태학적 변화

  • Kim, Hyang-Sook (Department of Food and Nutrition, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Young-Eun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Wonkwang University)
  • 김향숙 (충북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 이영은 (원광대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 1996.06.30

Abstract

Gelatinization behavior and morphology of epichlorohydrin-crosslinked potato starches (XPs) were investigated. Native potato starch showed a very steep single stage swlling pattern, but crosslinked starches showed various patterns with the degree of crosslinking. Swelling power, solubility and light transmittance were reduced drastically as the degree of crosslinking increased. Brabender initial pasting temperature and peak temperature of crosslinked starches increased because the crosslinking reinforces the intermolecular net work of the starches. Although the swelling of the potato starch granule was inhibited by crosslinking as compared to that of the native one, Brabender peak viscosities (6.5% w/v, db) were on the order of 2,500 units for the native potato starch, 3,700 for the XP with 2.300 anhydroglucose units per crosslinking (AGU/CL) and 3,400 for the XP with 2,100 AGU/CL, due to the decreased breakdown of the swollen granule resulting from the resistance to heat and shear. The XP with 1,900 AGU/CL, however, did not show the peak viscosity and the viscosity was on the order of 500 units because of the excessive unhibition of the swelling. Unlike the native potato starch, 6.5%(m/v, db) pastes of the crosslinked potato starches could form gels, which could be predicted from the Brabender setback and consistency index. When the degree of crosslinking is low, random contraction and radial swelling of the granule was possible. As the degree of crosslinking increased, morphological change became similar to the single dimensional tangential swelling observed from the lenticular wheat starch. These morphological change during heating in excess water explained the gelatinization behaviors of crosslinked starches tested.

Keywords

cosslinking;swelling;light transmittance;viscosity;morphology