Antibacterial Activity of Garlic Extract against Escherichia coli

마늘즙액의 대장균 생육 저해 작용

Kim, Youn-Soon;Park, Kyung-Suk;Kyung, Kyu-Hang;Shim, Sun-Taek;Kim, Hyun-Ku
김연순;박경숙;경규항;심선택;김현구

  • Published : 1996.08.30

Abstract

Antibacterial action of garlic extract against Escherichia coli was investigated. When the survival of E. cloi in tryptic soy broth (TSB) containing 50% garlic extract was compared with those of Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli was the most sensitive to garlic antibacterial action. When E. coli was inoculated into TSB with different concentrations of garlic extract, viable cell number decreased continuously during the test period even at 1% garlic extract. When E. coli was inoculated into pH-adjusted TSB containing 0.5% garlic extract, viable cell number of E. coli decreased continuously at initial pH of 5.2 and 6.2, while it decreased initially but increased to $8.0{\times}10^{7}\;CFU/ml at 48 hr at pH 7.2. With larger initial populations $(10^{6}\;CFU/ml), E. coli grew without apparent inhibition, while with smaller initial populations $(<10^{5}\;CFU/ml), viable cell number decreased initially but later increased. Thiol compounds like cysteine and glutathione, with free SH group (s), helped E. coli to grow or survive better in TSB with inhibitory level (5%) of garlic extract. The possibility of eliminating E. coli by using garlic extract from foods like kimchi of which garlic is one of regular ingredients is suggested.

Keywords

garlic;antibacterial action;Escherichia coli