Physicochemical Properties of Rice Affected by Steeping Conditions

수침이 멥쌀의 이화학적 성질에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 1996.12.30

Abstract

The effects of steeping temperature $(7^{\circ},\;15^{\circ},\;20^{\circ}\;and\;30^{\circ}C)$ and steeping time $(2{\sim}14\;hr)$ on the physicochemical properties of milled rice (variety; Chucheongbyeo) were investigated. The pH of the steep water decreased as the steeping time increased, which was more pronounced at higher steeping temperature. The solid loss was about 4.0% during steeping. The contents of protein, fat and ash decreased during steeping, which was greater at elevated temperature. The lightness of rice was slightly increased, and the yellowness was decreased upon steeping. The water-binding capacity of rice was increased during steeping at above $15^{\circ}C$. The slight increase of the swelling power of rice at $80^{\circ}C$ was observed upon steeping. The maximum wavelengh for the rice flour-iodine complex was moved to a higher wavelengh, but X-ray diffraction patterns remained constant regardless the steeping conditions. The pasting properties of rice flour (10%) by amylograph indicated that the peak viscosity increased as the steeping time was increased at all steeping temperatures. The steeping resulted in the greater breakdown and the 1ower setback. The log peak viscosity showed a linear relationship with the steeping time. The activation energy and $Q_{10}$ value for the visciosity increase rate was 2, 320 cal/mole and 1.14, respectively.

Keywords

rice;steeping;amylograph;activation energy