- Volume 28 Issue 6
The inhibitory effects of chitosan on mutagenicity induced by 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4,3-b] indole (Trp-P-2), sodium azide (SA), 2-nitrofluorene (2-NF), and 4-nitroquinoline oxide (4-NQO) were investigated using Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay and SOS Chromotest. In Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay. Chitosan showed 24-65% of inhibitory effect against the mutagenicity of an indirect-acting mutagen, Trp-P-2. On the other hand, no inhibitory effect was observed against the mutagenicity of direct-acting mutagens (2-NF, SA). In SOS chromotest. chitosan showed 46-49% effects on SOS function induced by 4-NQO. Chitosan inhibited the mutagenicity induced by Trp-P-2 with 9-39% of inhibition rate. It was also evaluated whether inhibitory effect of chitosan is due to its bio-antimutagenic or desmutagenic action. Chitosan at high concentrations showed a bio-antimutagenicity with dose-dependent manner, but it showed a desmutagenicity at low concentrations against the mutation induced by Trp-P-2.
inhibitory effects of chitosan;Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay;SOS chromotest;bio-antimutagenicity