Cooling Properties and Quality Changes during Storage of Citron (Citrus junos)

유자의 냉각특성 및 저장중 품질변화

  • Published : 1996.12.30

Abstract

Quality changes in citron (Citrus junos) during storage were studied to investigate the efficiency, cooling properties and the washing and storage effects of hydrocooling method. As a result of plotting the nondimensionalized citron temperature versus cooling time, its cooling rate coefficient was shown to be $-0.012\;min^4{\sim}\;-0.017\;min^4\;(R^2=0.97{\sim}0.99)$ at center, and to be $-0.033\;min^4{\sim}\;0.075\;min^4\;(R^2=0.89{\sim}0.93)$ at surface. During storage, weight loss was more affected by storage temperature than by pretreatment condition and in reached $22{\sim}23%$ after 7 weeks at $15^{\circ}C\;and\;10{\sim}11%$ after 8 weeks at $5^{\circ}C$ in all samples. However, changes in moisture contents of hydrocooled citron were shown to be about $1{\sim}2%$ after 7 weeks while that of non-treated citron was about 3% after 1 week of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. And the change of pH, acidity and soluble solid content were not significantly different between each treatments during storage $5^{\circ}C\;and\;15^{\circ}C$. Changes in Hunter L, a, and b values of hydrocooled citron were lower than those of non-treated one as the storage time increased. The respiration rate of hydrocooled citron during storage at $15^{\circ}C$ was $103.63\;mg{\cdot}CO_2/kg{\cdot}hr$, which is about 50% of that of non-treated citron.

Keywords

hydrocooling;quality change;cooling rate coefficient;citron