Changes of Free Sugar and Organic Acid in the Osmotic Dehydration Process of Apples

사과의 삼투건조시 유리당과 유기산의 변화

  • Published : 1996.12.30

Abstract

In order to minimize the deterioration of dried apple quality, changes of free sugar content, organic acid and ascorbic and during osmotic dehydration with sucrose at various temperature, concentration and immersion time were investigated in this study, total sugar increased as the temperature, concentration and immersion time were increased. Sucrose showed the largest change in content while fructose and glucose showed no and small changes, respectively. Large amounts of malic and fumaric acids, and small amounts of oxalic, citric, maleic and succinic acids were detected. Organic acids were high at low temperature treatment, and became higher with increasing concentration. Loss of ascorbic acid was small at the low temperature and high concentration. Effect of immersion time was negligible. Changes of free sugar, and organic and ascorbic acid followed the first-order and second-order reaction rate equations, respectively. Arrhenius equation was applied to determine the effect of temperature on reaction rate constants with high $r^2$. To predict the changes of quality, a model was established by using the optimum functions of temperature, concentration and immersion time. The model had high $r^2$ value for the quality changes during drying.

Keywords

osmotic dehydration;organic acid;free sugar;ascorbic acid