- Volume 28 Issue 6
The changes in volatiles of the model system were analyzed by GC and GC-MS before and after retorting. The GC data were analyzed statistically by applying the analysis of variance, and 42 peaks were selected at 5% significance level. Multivariate statistical analysis was performed with these 42 peaks as independent variables. Through the stepwise discriminant analysis, 8 peaks, which corresponded to the compounds such as 2-heptanone, cis-3-hexenal, 2-pentyl-furan, 1-methyl-trans-1,2-cyclohexanediol, 2-hexanone, 3-octanone, trans, trans-nona-2,4-dienal and 1-octen-3-ol, were obtained in sequence to distinguish the samples with and without retorting. The principal component analysis of a set of 8 independent variables resulted in 3 principal components which accounted for 96.1% of the variance, while the first principal component (PC 1) explained 76.5% of the total variance. In addition, through the factor analysis of the principal components, the peaks 11, 20 and 21 could be grouped togather in accordance with the direction and the size while the peaks 9, 33 and 39 constituted the second group in the direction.
retort sterilization;volatile component;retort flavor;stepwise discriminant analysis;principal component analysis