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A Study on the Vision Sensor Using Scanning Beam for Welding Process Automation

용접자동화를 위한 주사빔을 이용한 시각센서에 관한 연구

  • You, Won-Sang (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) ;
  • Na, Suck-Joo (Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)
  • 유원상 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과) ;
  • 나석주 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과)
  • Published : 1996.03.01

Abstract

The vision sensor which is based on the optical triangulation theory with the laser as an auxiliary light source can detect not only the seam position but the shape of seam. In this study, a vision sensor using the scanning laser beam was investigated. To design the vision sensor which considers the reflectivity of the sensing object and satisfies the desired resolution and measuring range, the equation of the focused laser beam which has a Gaussian irradiance profile was firstly formulated, Secondly, the image formaing sequence, and thirdly the relation between the displacement in the measuring surface and the displacement in the camera plane was formulated. Therefore, the focused beam diameter in the measuring range could be determined and the influence of the relative location between the laser and camera plane could be estimated. The measuring range and the resolution of the vision sensor which was based on the Scheimpflug's condition could also be calculated. From the results mentioned above a vision sensor was developed, and an adequate calibration technique was proposed. The image processing algorithm which and recognize the center of joint and its shape informaitons was investigated. Using the developed vision sensor and image processing algorithm, the shape informations was investigated. Using the developed vision sensor and image processing algorithm, the shape informations of the vee-, butt- and lap joint were extracted.

Keywords

Vision Sensor;Scanning Laser Beam;Optical Triangulation;Scheimpflugs Condition;Image Processing Algorithm