- Volume 20 Issue 5
The method of utilizing sensitivity linkages for the analysis of mechanical errors are proposed. As sources of the mechanical error, tolerances in the link length and clearances in thejoints are considered. It is demonstrated that the problem of calculating mechanical errors of a 4-bar mechanism can be transformed into a problem of conventeional velocity analysis of a sensitivity linkage. As a result of the present study, it is found and proved that the mechanical error of the output angle in the 4-Bar mechaism is represented as a simple harmonic function with respect to the relative position of the pin on the clearance circle. Also the vector representing the mechanical error of a coupler point makes, in general, an ellipse as the relative angle varies on the clearance circle. With these results we can better identify the characteristic of the mechanical errors in linkages.