An Experimental Study on Damage Mechanism of Glass Resulting Frojm Particle Impact

입자충격에 의한 유리의 손상기구에 관한 실험적 연구

  • Seo, Chang-Min (Dept.of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Sin, Hyeong-Seop (Dept.of Mechanical Engineering, Andong National University) ;
  • Hwang, Byeong-Won (Dept.of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate School of Kyungpook National University) ;
  • 서창민 (경북대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 신형섭 (안동대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 황병원 (경북대학교 대학원 기계공학과) ;
  • Published : 1996.06.01


A quantitative study of impact damage of a soda-lime glass was carried out. An initiation and a propagation of cracks by the impact of two inds of steel ball was investigated. The fron, side and rear view of cracks were observed by a stereo-microscope. And the lowering of the benidng strength due to the impact of steel balls was examined through the 4-point bending test. A transparent glass is very helpful to understand and analyze the impact damage behavior of another brittle matereial. A deagdram about crack patterns according to the threshold impact velocity was sketched. A ring crack and a cone crack were formed at the low impact velocity. And as the impact velocity was higher, initial lateral crack was generated on the slanting surface of cone crack, and radial cracks were generated from the outermost ring crack. When the impact velocity of steel balls exceed a critical velocity, the contact site of specimens were crushed. According to the propagation of a cone crack, a rapid strength degradation occurred. In the specimen having crushed region, a bending strength was converged to a constant value instead of strength degradation.


Ring Crack;Cone Crack;Lateral Crack;Radial Crack;Crushing;Particle Impact