A study on mathematical modeling and heat transfer analysis to predict weld bead geometry in horizontal fillet welding

수평필릿용접의 용접부 형상을 예측하기 위한 수학적 모델링 및 열전달 해석에 관한 연구

  • 문형순 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과) ;
  • 나석주 (한국과학기술원 기계공학과)
  • Published : 1996.12.01


The horizontal filet welding is prevalently used in heavy and ship building industries to join the parts. The phenomena occurring in the horizonal fillet welding process are very complex and highly non-linear, so that its analysis is relatively difficult. Furthermore, various kinds of weld defect such as undercut, overlap, porosity. excess weld metal and incomplete penetration can be induced due to improper welding conditions. Among these defects, undercut, overlap and excess weld metal appear frequently in horizontal filet welding. To achieve a satisfactory weld bead geometry without weld defects, it is necessary to study the effect of welding conditions in the weld bead geometry. For analyzing the weld bead geometry with and without weld defects in horizontal fillet welding, a mathematical model was proposed in conjunction with a two-dimensional heat flow analysis adopted for computing the melting tone in . base metal. The reliability of the proposed model was evaluated through experiments. which showed that the proposed model was very effective for predicting the weld bead shape with or without weld defects in horizontal fillet welding.