Studies on Solvent Extraction and Analytical Applications of Metal-Dithiocarbamate Complexes(Ⅰ). Extraction and Determination of Trace Bismuth, Cadmium and Indium in Sea Water

Dithiocarbamate 금속착물의 용매추출 및 분석적 응용(제 1 보). 해수중 흔적량 비스무트, 카드뮴, 인듐의 용매추출 및 정량

  • Published : 19960700


The solvent extraction of trace Bi, Cd and In in seawater samples using ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate(APDC) as a complexing agent was studied. The pH of sample solution, the amount of APDC, the type of solvent and the shaking time were investigated together with back-extraction conditions. After the pH of 200 mL seawater was adjusted to 4.0 and 5.0 mL of 1% APDC was added, analytes were extracted with 10.0 mL of MIBK by shaking for 35 minutes. The organic phase seperated was washed with a 0.05 M NaOH 10.0 mL to remove HPDC. The analytes were stripped by the back-extraction of 5 minute shaking with 5 mL of 4 M HNO3 containing 150 ㎍/mL Pd(Ⅱ). Detection limits of Bi, Cd and In were 0.038, 0.0057 and 0.023 ng/mL, respectively. Both of Bi(Ⅲ) and In(Ⅲ) were not detected in two kinds of water samples of the East Sea and the contents of Cd(Ⅱ) were 0.018 and 0.016 ng/mL. The recoveries of over 90% showed that this procedure was applicable to the determination of such trace elements in seawater samples.



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