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PLASMA ALLANTOIN CONCENTRATION IN RESPONSE TO CHANGES IN NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CALVES

  • Kagiyama, K. (School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University) ;
  • Funaba, M. (School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University) ;
  • Iriki, T. (School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University) ;
  • Abe, M. (School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University)
  • Received : 1995.06.29
  • Accepted : 1995.09.30
  • Published : 1996.04.01

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to search factor(s) affecting the plasma allantoin concentration in infant calves. In experiment 1, five male Holstein calves aged 1 week were given only milk replacer free from nucleic acids for 28 days Plasma allantoin concentration varied in a reverse proportion to daily amounts of milk replacer, and the concentration when calves received 750 g/d of milk replacer was significantly lower than that when they received 250 g/d. Contrary to plasma allantoin concentration, glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was directly proportional to daily amounts of milk replacer, leading to a constant filtration of allantoin across the glomeruli. Renal handling of allantion was also unaffected by the amount of milk replacer, resulting in the constant urinary excretion of allantoin. These results suggested that GFR, which was affected by the nutritional status, could affect plasma allantoin concentration. In experiment 2, the effect of age-related changes in nutritional status after weaning on GFR was examined in eight calves weaned at 5 weeks of age. The GFR expressed as body weight basis was lower immediately after weaning, but linearly increased up to the 19th week post-weaning. The present results suggested that the changes in GFR in response to nutritional status would be one of the possible causes of atypical plasma allantoin concentration immediately after weaning. We conclude that plasma allantoin concentration would not be a proper estimator of intestinal flow of microbial protein in cattle.

Keywords

Plasma Allantoin Concentration;Daily Amout of Milk Replacer;Glomerular Filtration Rate;Intestinal Flow of Microbial Protein;Calf

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Education, Science and Culture