Improvement of polymerase chain reaction methods for rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes in raw milk

원유로부터 Listeria monocytogenes의 신속검색을 위한 종합효소 연쇄반응법의 개선

  • Yi, Chul-hyun (College of Veterinary mecidine Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Son, Won-geun (Amimal immunology Research Institute, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kang, Ho-jo (College of Veterinary mecidine Gyeongsang National University)
  • 이철현 (경상대학교 수의과대학) ;
  • 손원근 (경상대학교 동물면역연구소) ;
  • 강호조 (경상대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1995.09.18
  • Published : 1996.03.25


The present study was conducted to rapidly detect Listeria monocytogenes in raw milk. Specificity and sensitivity of polymerase chain reaction(PCR) technique, and direct PCR were examinded in raw milk, also were compared the calssical culture methods with PCR technique. This method used a pair of primers based on a unique region in the 16S rRNA sequence of L nomocytogenes. In the PCR specificity tests, each of the 10 strains of L monocytogenes tested gave a single 70-bp band. But the other six Listera spp tested gave negative results. Results of the sensitivity tests showed that as few as 2 CFU of L monocytogenes in pure cultures could be detected with 16S rRNA-based primers, L-1 and L-2. In different PCR cycles, a PCR product was detected with $10^3$ cells of L monocytogenes from 25 cycles to 50 cycles and the concentration of PCR products was cycle-dependent. Raw milk samopes added L monocytogenes cells gave negative results. However, these samplers gave a single 70-bp band by pretreatment of pronase, and PCR products were detected with $10^1$ cells of L monocytogenes. To detemine the most sensitive culture protocol to use in conjunction with the PCR assay, raw milk samples were inoculated with L monocytogenes at concentrations ranging from 1 to $5.7{\times}10^4CFU/ml$. PCR assays from Listeria enrichment broth(LEB) containing raw milk samples added L monocytogene EGD could dtect 10 cells in pronase-pretreated samples without incubation, and 1 cell of L monocytogenes in both 12 hr and 24 hr incubation, respectively. Isolation raw of PCR assays was similar to that of classical culture methods, but required time for detection of L monocytogenes could remarkably be reduced compare to culture methods.