Effectiveness of freeze-dried bone grafts on the non-union fracture model of dogs

개의 비유합(非癒合) 골절(骨折) model에 있어서 동결건조골이식(凍結乾燥骨移植)의 효과(效果)

  • Choi, In-hyuk (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyeon-gyeong (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Nam-soo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Sasaki, Nobuo (Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University)
  • Received : 1996.01.17
  • Published : 1996.06.25

Abstract

To investigate the effectiveness of the freeze-dried allografts and fibrin glue in bone grafts, the status of new bone formation and union of the grafted bone were observed in three types of grafting bones; autogenic bone(AT), allogenic bone(AL), and allogenic bone particles mixed with fibrin glue(FG). These were transplanted into non-union fracture model of 7 adult dogs with 2cm defect made in the proximal metaphysis of both fibulae. The autogenic and allogenic grafting bones had been treated by a modified freeze-dried method. The serial radiogram were observed the repair process of grafted bones biweekly until 17 or 21 weeks after transplantation and the observation of histological aspects, tetracycline double labeling and microradiography in the grafted bones were undertaken at 17 or 21 weeks after transplantation. The incorporation of bone minerals to the non-union fracture models were accomplished in 4 of 5 cases grafted with AL and in 2 of 4 cases grafted with AT. None of 5 cases grafted with FG were incorporated. The process of new bone formation and resorption in the grafted bones were observed three types; resorption of the grafted bones after newbone formation(type A) in 4 cases, new bone formation after resorption(type B) in 2 cases and complete or incomplete resorption without new bone formation(type C) in 8 cases. The modified freeze-dried method used in this study contributed to inhibite the rejection in allogenic grafts but the union period of the grafted freeze-dried bone was more prolonged than that of fresh autografts. Fibrin glue did not contribute to induce a new bone formation ofbone grafts.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전북대학교