Archaeological study of animal bones excavated from Cheju Kimnyungri cave site

제주 김녕리 궤내기 동굴 유적에서 출토된 뼈유물의 고고학적 연구

  • Shin, Tae-kyun (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Cheju National University) ;
  • Jin, Jae-kwang (Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lee, Cha-soo (College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University)
  • 신태균 (제주대학교 농과대학 수의학과) ;
  • 진재광 (제주대학교 농과대학 수의학과) ;
  • 이차수 (경북대학교 수의과대학)
  • Received : 1996.05.09
  • Published : 1996.12.25

Abstract

The animal bone-remains excavated with earthwares at Cheju Kimnyungri cave site were investigated morphologically and osteometrically. The number of bone remains were 1706 pieces by morphological criteria. Based on the classification of bony pieces excavated in the cave site, the important animal species in Cheju island during the early Tamra period (presumably between A.D.0 - A.D. 500) was as follows; wild boar(75%), deer(17%), cattle(6%), and horse in small percentage. The excavated bone remains imply that the major fauna of animal species are composed of three species, including Sus scrofa, Cervus nippon and Bos taurus. These data suggests that the archaeological remains such as bone pieces are good indicators of the fauna animals, and of zoological entity in the island.