A Study on the Attrition of Maxillary Lateral Incisors in Korea

상악 측절치의 교모에 관한 연구

  • Lim, Byung-Chul (Dept. of Dental Laboratory Technology, Kimchun Junior College)
  • 임병철 (김천전문대학 치기공과)
  • Published : 1996.07.01

Abstract

This study was aimed to help the construction of esthetic dental prosthesis by investigation of the factors affecting on the atterition position and attrition angle of maxillary lateral incisors. Therefore 197 complete cast of maxillary and mandibualar extracted form the student of K. college were subjected for this study, and result throught the study are as follows. 1. None attrite rate of the maxiilary right lateral incisors was about 16.2% and that of the maxillary left lateral incisors was about 32.4% of examined teeth. 2. Throught mesiodistal attrition area 1) It showed that right lateral incisors was the most frequence in attrition of mesial area of incisal edge, and left lateral incisors was the most frequence in attrition of mesial and mid area of incisal edge. 2) It showed that square type arch was more frequence in attrition of all incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and taper type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mesial area of incisal edge than it of average frequence of right lateral incisors, by dental arch type. 3) It showed that square type arch was more frequence in the attrition of all area and mid area of incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and taper type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mesial and distal area of incisal edge than it of average frequence of left lateral incisal, by dental arch type. 4) Sex, vertical overlap, horizontal overlap, incisal guide angle, did not affect significantly to throughout mesiodistal attrition, statistically 3. Throughout labiolingual attrition quantity. 1) It showed that throughout labiolingual attrition quantity was more attrition in order of taper type arch < ovoid type arch < square type arch, by dental arch type. 2) It showed that throughout labiolingual attrition qauntity was more attrition when the length of horizontal overlap is shorter than it of other, by horizontal overlap. 3) Throughout labiolingual attrition quantity of right lateral incisors showed that male was more attrition than it of female. 4) Vertical overlap, incisal guide angle, sex on left lateral incisors did not affect significantly to throughout labiolingual attrition, statistically. 4. Attrition angle 1) It showed that average attrition anlge of right lateral incisors were $30{\pm}13.02$ degree, and it of left lateral incisors were $26{\pm}13.37$ degree. 2) It showed that taper type arch have a bigger attrition angle than it of average of lateral incisors, and square tape arch have a smaller attrition angle than it of average of lateral incisors, by dental arch type. 3) It showed that horizontal overlap of 2.1mm above have a bigger attrition angle than it of average, by horizontal overlap. 4) It showed that female have a bigger attrition angle it of male, by sex.