A Study on Chemical Modification Effect of Papermaking Fiber by Cyanoethylation

Cyanoethyl화에 의한 제지용 섬유의 화학적 개질효과에 관한 연구

  • Yoon, Se-Young (College of Life Resources Science, Dongguk University) ;
  • Jo, Byoung-Muk (College of Forest Science, Kwangwon National University) ;
  • Oh, Jung-Soo (College of Life Resources Science, Dongguk University)
  • 윤세영 (동국대학교 생명자원과학대학) ;
  • 조병묵 (강원대학교 산림과학대학) ;
  • 오정수 (동국대학교 생명자원과학대학)
  • Received : 1997.02.15
  • Published : 1997.03.30

Abstract

Since there are three hydroxyl groups on each anhydroglucose ring of the cellulose, the renewable resources, we can get various functional papers by the chemical modification of cellulose. The reaction involving the introduction of the ${\beta}$-cyanoethyl ($-CH_2-CH_2$-CN) group into organic substances containing reactive hydrogen atoms is known as cyanoethylation. Cellulose reacts with acrylonitrile in the presence of strong alkalis in a typical manner of primary and secondary alcohols to form cyanoethyl ethers. In cyanoethylation, important factors of reaction are temperature, concentration of the NaOH, and addition rate of acrylronitrile. FT-IR spectra of cyanoethyl group was confirmed at $2250cm^{-1}$, which corresponds the introduction of aliphatic nitrile group. Effect of cyanoethyl DS(degree of substitution) on strength properties was resulted that cyanoethylated BKP of DS 0.04 appeared to be the best choice for overall strength properties. Also, excellent thermal stability in aging characteristics was obtained.