- Volume 12 Issue 2
This study was carried out in order to investigate effective aroma components of Korean traditional soy sauce. Volatile aroma compounds were extracted by solvent extraction, TMS esterification of methyl acetate extracts and SDE, and analyzed by GC/MSD. 140 voltile aroma compounds were detected by three different extraction methods. Most abundant volatile compounds were acids and phenols and identified aldehydes, hydrocarbons, ketones, furans, furanone, alcohols, esters, nitrogen compounds, sulfur compounds and thiazoles, too. In the analytical sensory evaluation of soy sauce aroma, there were significant differences between each soy sauce sample in all test item. To sum up, Sweet odor was high in Kyupjang. Nutty odor and traditional soy sauce odor were similarly high in Kyupjang and high concentration soy sauce. Kyupjang had high score in overall odor preference than Chungiangs. The result of multiple regression of soy sauce odor characteristics and gas chromatography pattern demonstrated that offensive and sour odor was affected by octadecanoic acid. Contributive compounds to sweet odor were 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid and 3,6-dioxa-2,7-disilacotane. Benzoic acid 4-methyl ethyl ester and nonacotane were identified as major compounds of nutty odor. Contribu live variables of traditional soy sauce odor were benzoic acid 4-methyl ethyl ester and 9,12-octadecadienoic acid. The main factors of odor preference were 3-methyl pentanoic acid, acetic acid, 2,6-dimethyl heptadecane and 3,6-dioxa-2,7-disilacotane.