Evaluation of Lethality by Chemical Marker

Chemical Marker를 이용한 살균도 예측

  • Published : 1997.02.01

Abstract

The rate constants and activation energies for formation of two chemical markers, M-1 and M-2 at sterilization temperatures were determined in a meatball system. Destruction rates for bacterial spores were also determined. The rate constants for M-1 and M-2 formation at $121^{\circ}C$ were 0.03 and 0.28 Abs/min, respectively. The activation energies for M-1 and M-2 were 27.9 and 24.6 Cal/mol. M-2 was formed faster than M-1 and reached a maximum and decreased. M-1 formation continued up to 30 min at $121^{\circ}C$ and 10 min at $131^{\circ}C$, which makes M-1 a more useful chemical marker for high $F_0$ values. The D-values for spores (B. stearothermophilus ATCC 12980) at 111, 114.4, 117.7 and $121^{\circ}C$ were 7.5, 4.5, 1.9 and 0.58 respectively. At temperatures between 111 and $121^{\circ}C$, there was a liner correlation between destruction of the spores and the M-1 formation. It was difficult to get accurate D-value at $126^{\circ}C\;and\;131^{\circ}C$, because almost all spores were dead before temperature at the center of the meatball reached $126^{\circ}C$. These data suggest that the chemical marker should be used to evaluate overprocessing as well as microbial lethality in aseptic processing.

Keywords

Chemical marker;lethality;B. stearothermophilus;2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6methyl-4(H)-pyran-4-one;4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone