Selection of Mixed Lactic Acid Bacteria for Optimal Sponge Fermentation of Soda Cracker

소다 크레커의 최적 스폰지 발효를 위한 혼합젖산균의 선별

  • Published : 1997.02.01

Abstract

The twenty strains of Lactobacillus genus were tested for the optimal sponge fermentation of soda cracker. The six strains such as L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. leichmanii, L. plantarum and L. sanfrancisco were selected because these strains did not smell off-flavor and showed the high value of TTA (total titrable acidity) after the fermentation. The selected strains consisted of the five strains of L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum, L. leichmanii and L. plantarum that mainly inhabited soda clacker and L. sanfrancisco that existed in San Francisco bread. The lactic acid bacteria were inoculated to the medium containing 10% wheat flour and then pH, TTA, acetic acid and lactic acid were measured during the sponge fermentation. The four strains of L. brevis, L. delbrueckii, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were used for the mixed lactic acid bacteria of sponge fermentation because the TTAs of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were higher than those of other lactic acid bacteria and L. delbrueckii rapidly produced organic acids and a large amount of acetic acid. Among the combination of L. brevis, L. fermentum, L. delbrueckii and L. plantarum, the mixed lactic acid bacteria of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum showed the highest TTA, the lowest pH and the largest amount of acetic acid. Therefore, the mixed lactic acid bacteria of L. brevis, L. fermentum and L. plantarum were used for optimal sponge fermentation of soda cracker.

Keywords

soda cracker;sponge fermentation;mixed lactic acid bacteria