- Volume 29 Issue 1
The monoamine oxidase (MAO, EC 126.96.36.199) plays a central role in the metabolism of many amines including the neurotransmitter monoamines. MAO is a flavoprotein found exclusively in the mitochondrial outer membrane, occuring in the MAO-A and MAO-B subtypes. MAO-A deaminates serotonin and noradrenaline much better than phenethylamine (PEA) or benzylamine (BA), and is preferentially inhibited by clorgyline, whereas MAO-B prefers PEA and BA as substrates and is preferentially inhibited by deprenyl. MAO inhibitors were among the first drugs used in the treatment of depression, and it is known to be the inhibition of MAO-A which is important for the antidepressant effect of MAO inhibitors. For the purpose of evaluating MAO inhibitory activities from natural resources, three kinds of edible mushrooms were screened by tracing the inhibitory activities against rat brain mitochondrial MAO-A, utilizing serotonin as a substrate and rat liver mitochondrial MAO-B utilizing benzylamine as a substrate. Among the tested mushrooms, Ganoderma lucidium and Lentinus edodes showed the weak inhibitory activities against MAO-B.
monoamine oxidase-A;monoamine oxidase-B;edible mushrooms;inhibitory activity;Ganoderma lucidium;Lentinus edodes