- Volume 29 Issue 1
The analytical conditions of 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol (DCP) and 3-chloro-1,2-propanediol (MCPD) by solid phase extraction were optimized to improve recovery. Selected-ion monitoring technique which was used for GC-MS analysis of both compounds gave substantially higher sensitivity. The detection limits of DCP and MCPD were 25 and 50 ppb, respectively. The effects of extraction column type, elution solvent and salt concentration on recovery were examined. A normal phase column was better than a reverse phase column in solid phase extraction of DCP and MCPD. It was explained in terms of polarity relationship of solvent-solute-solid phase. A maximum recovery was obtained at the salt concentration of 20% (w/v). Water-immiscible and chloropropanol-soluble solvents such as chloroform, diethyl ether, hexane and ethyl acetate were tested for elution solvent. Hexane and ethyl acetate were the most suitable solvents for the extraction of DCP and MCPD, respectively. High recovery better than 95% was obtained with the selected solvents.